Saint Joseph, byname St. Joe , city, seats (1846) of Buchanan county, northwestern Missouri, U.S. It is on the Missouri River (there bridged to Elwood, Kansas), 28 mls (45 kilometres) north of Kansas City. A trading post was set up (1826) on the webpage by Joseph Robidoux, a French Canadian trapper from St. Louis. The Platte Purchase (1836), adding about 2,000,000 acres (800,000 hectares) of Indian land to the state territory, led to an influx of settlers. Robidoux laid out the town in 1843 and named it for his patron saint. During the California Gold Hurry (1849), St. Joseph boomed as a steamboat base and offer depot for westward-bound wagon trains. The traditional western terminus of the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad (completed 1859), it became the eastern terminus of the Pony Express, launched from St. Joseph on April 3, 1860. Through the American Civil War the city became a spot for guerrilla procedures and was frequented by boundary outlaws such as W.C. Quantrill and Jesse Adam; the latter was killed (1882) in his home there (which has been conserved).
In the 1840s metropolis was well coming to becoming an important meatpacking centre but was eclipsed by Omaha, Nebraska, and Kansas City when transcontinental railroads bypassed it. They have survived as one of the great livestock and grain marketplaces of the central west and is also the trade centre of an intensive agricultural region. Producers are diversified you need to include structural metal, chemicals, soybean products, pet foods, institution and office equipment, machinery, and electric batteries. Travel and leisure is of growing importance.
"Lover's Street, Saint Jo," by Eugene Field, expresses the poet's nostalgic remembrance of the St. Joseph neighborhood where he courted his partner. Patee House, a countrywide historic landmark, includes the reconstructed head office of the Pony Express office. The Pony Express Museum is housed in the initial stable that was the starting place for the trips western to Sacramento, Calif., and the St. Joseph Museum homes a notable assortment of Native American artifacts. Pigeon Hill Animals Area and Lewis and Clark Condition Park are nearby. The town is the chair of Missouri European State University or college (founded 1915 as St. Joseph Junior College or university). Inc. 1843. Pop. (2000) 73,990; St. Joseph Metro Area, 122,336; (2010) 76,780; St. Joseph Metro Area, 127,329.
City (1990 pop. 71,852), seat of Buchanan co., NW Mo., on the Missouri River; inc. 1845. It's the trade center of a wealthy agricultural and farming area. The town is a sizable market for livestock and grain, and has meatpacking and food- and leather-processing plant life. Among its makes are electric products, equipment, chemicals, clothing, and pet food. The city was organized c.1843 on the website of any trading post founded (1826) by Joseph Robidoux. In 1860, St. Joseph became the eastern terminus of the pony express. The city was also an early, important railroad center until bypassed by the transcontinental railroad. Appealing are the pony-express stables (now a museum), the poet Eugene Field's home, and metropolis museum with noted Native North american relics. Missouri Western State College will there be.